Saraca indica is one of the important indigenous medicinal plants found throughout India. Bark of the plant is bitter and traditionally used as astringent, anthelmintic, demulcent, emollient, and stomachic. It is used to treat colic, piles, ulcers, fractures, menorrhagia, metropathy, and dyspepsia. Leaves are useful in stomachalgia and flowers are use in vitiated condition of pitta, syphilis, hyperdipsia, inflammation, dysentery, haemorrhoids and scabies. Stem bark of Saraca indica is astringent, antileucorrhoeic, antibilious and uterine sedative; flowers are used as uterine tonic, antidiabetic and antisyphilitic traditionally.
The anticancer principle from Saraca asoca flowers indicated 50 percent cytotoxicity (in vitro) in Dalton's lymphoma ascites and Sarcoma with no activity against normal lymphocytes but preferential activity for lymphocytes derived from leukemia patients. Saraca indica dried bark is used as an astringent in menorrhagia, to stop excessive uterine bleeding, demulcent, uterine disorders.
Saraca asoca shows good antibacterial activity. It was subjected to antibacterial activity with different organisms such as Bacillus subtilis, Escherichia coli, Salmonella typhosa, and Staphylococcus aureus. Saraca indica dried flower buds tested against antibacterial activity of methanol extract against Salmonella viballerup, Shigella boydii, Escherichia coli, Vibro cholera, Shigella flexneri and Shigella dyserteriae showed active.