Jasmines are an important group of flowering plants. They are widely cultivated and esteemed for there attractive fragrant flowers. The leaves contain resin, salicylic acid, and an alkaloid named jasmine. The flowers of Jasminum sambac are noted for their fresh and delicate pleasant fragrance. The jasmine flower's chemical structure is similar to other types of jasmine, containing fats, iron, glucosides, tannins and calcium oxalate. In 2004, Chinese scientists studying jasmine roots discovered several new chemical compounds, including dotriacontanoic acid, dotriacontanol, oleanolic acid, daucosterol and hesperidin. Tannins, fats, silicon, iron, glucosides, calcium oxalate, essential oil are present in the flowers of Jasminum sambac Phytochemical study also yielded alkaloids, glycoside, flavanoid, terpines, tannin, resin and salicylic acid. Jasminum sambac roots possesses chemical components such as Dotriacontanoic acid, dotriacontanol, oleanolic acid, daucosterol and hesperidin (1).
Leaves of Jasminum sambac contain the secoiridoid glycosides, jasminin, quercitrin, iso quercitrin, rutin, quercitrin 3-dirhamnoglycoside, kaempferol 3-rhamnoglycoside, mannitol, alpha amyrin, beta sitosterol, and an iridoid glycoside, sambacin(2).