Curculigo orchioides is an endangered rasayana herb which is popularly known as “Kali Musli”. The plant is native to India, and holds a special position as a potent adaptogen and aphrodisiac in Ayurvedic system of medicine. It is an important ingredient of many Ayurvedic preparations and is considered to have aphrodisiac, immunostimulant, hepatoprotective, and antioxidant, anticancer and antidiabetic activities. Various chemical constituents like mucilage, phenolic glycosides, saponins and aliphatic compounds from the plant have been reported. The plant is also considered as an important component of various herbal preparations of the Chinese medicine (4).
According to Unani system of medicine, root is carminative, tonic, aphrodisiac, antipyretic and useful in bronchitis, ophthalmia, indigestion, vomiting, diarrhea, lumbago, gonorrhea, gleet, hydrophobia, joint pains etc. It is usually used in the treatment of piles, diarrhea, jaundice, asthma. In Chinese traditional medicine, it is used as tonic for treatment of decline in physical strength. The rhizomes are sweet, cooling, diuretic, aphrodisiac, viriligenic, antipyretic and tonic and can be used against haemorrhoids, leucorrhoea, pruritis, skin diseases, bronchitis, jaundice and diarrhea. Its rhizomers, known as “Xian-Mao” in traditional Chinese medicine, have been used for treatment of enuresis, cold sperm, cold pain of back and knee, numbness of the limbs, and decline in physical strength. It is used as poultice for itch and skin diseases. Results of a scientific study also suggest that C. orchioides can be utilized as a potential therapeutic natural product for Noise Induced Hearing Loss (5, 6).