T. purpurea used for mediated chain reaction has been implicated in the centuries of Indian traditional medicine for the treatment various inflammatory disorders. It is considered beneficial for liver, spleen and kidney disorders and also it has property to cure all types of wounds. The roots, leaves, seeds and bark were used medicinally. According to ayurveda, T. purpurea is used as digestible, anti- helmintics, alexiteric, antipyretic, astringent, thermogenic, acrid and also used to cure diseases of liver, spleen heart, blood, tumours, ulcers, leprosy and asthma. Unani system of medicine describes the roots as diuretic, allays thirst, enriches blood, and cures diarrhoea, useful in bronchitis, liver, inflammations, boils and pimples.(1)
A decoction of the roots is given in dyspepsia, diarrhea, rheumatism, asthma and urinary disorders. The root powder is salutary for brushing the teeth, where it is said to quickly relieve dental pains and stop bleeding. Different parts of T. purpurea have been used for diabetes mellitus in Ayurvedic and Siddha medicine. It is considered beneficial for liver, spleen and kidney disorders. Experimental studies have demonstrated its anti-ulcer and hepato-protective effects (3). Indian traditional practitioners treat various types of diseases using Tephrosia purpurea as folklore medicine. It is a perennial herb found throughout India and considered beneficial for the remedy of various disorders such as inflammation, fever, bronchitis, kidney disorders and diabetes mellitus. A few scientific studies have demonstrated its hepatoprotective and antiulcer effects. The scientific study has demonstrated that T. purpurea has prominent anti-hyperglycemic and anti-hyperlipidemic effects in streptozotocin induced diabetic rats (4).
Herbal medicines derived from plant extracts are being increasingly utilized to treat a variety of clinical diseases, though relatively little knowledge about their mode of action is available. There is growing interest in pharmacological evaluation of various plants used in Indian traditional system of medicine. Therapeutic effects of medicinal plants depend upon their chemical constituents. Many phytochemical and pharmacological studies were carried out in T. purpurea (6).