The plant Mesua ferrea, commonly known as Nagkesar in India, used in traditional medicine for several indications such as rheumatism, cough, dysentery, vomiting, sore throat, fever, itch, etc. from the time immemorial. Fats and oils are very important indigenous raw materials for many purposes especially for edible and non edible purposes. The physico-chemical properties of fats or oils are directly related to their glyceride composition and chemical constitution. Various parts of the plant are used medicinally in India, Pakistan, Indochina and Malaya. The flowers are said to be astringent, stomachic, expectorant and useful in bleeding piles, the flower buds are used in dysentry. The unripe fruits are aromatic and sudorific. The bark is said to have similar properties. Leaves and flowers are used in the treatment of snake-bite and scorpion sting. The oil is used in soap making, and medicinally as an embrocation in rheumatism and in the treatment of itch (4, 5).
Dried flowers are used for bleeding hemorrhoids and dysentery with mucus. Fresh flowers are useful remedy for itching, nausea, erysipelas, bleeding piles, metrorrhagea, menorrhagea, excessive thirst, and sweating. Oil from the seeds is used for sores, scabies, wounds, and rheumatism. The intraperitoneal and oral administration xanthones isolated from Nagakeshara exhibited an anti-inflammatory activity in rats subjected to carrageenin-induced hind paw edema, cotton pellet granuloma and granuloma pouch techniques (6).